Urology is a surgical department which deals with diseases related to the urinary or the reproductive tracts in men and with urinary disease in women. Physicians specializing in the field of urology are called urologists, healthcare professionals who are trained to diagnose, detect and treat this group of disorders and diseases.
A few of the disorders that might be treated by a urologist include those involving the kidneys, the ureters, the adrenal glands, the bladder and the urethra. In males, a urologist may also treat conditions of the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis.
Only a few patients referred to a urologist by GPs would require surgery. So, in any case, if you are referred to the department, that does not mean that you would automatically be advised to have an operation.
Urological techniques include minimally invasive robotic and laparoscopic surgery, laser-assisted surgeries, and other scope-guided procedures.